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Terpenes Explained

May 9, 2022 Terpenes Explained

Terpenes are the natural compounds found in the flower or bud of the cannabis plant that provide its smell and taste. Both Broad-Spectrum and Full-Spectrum CBD oils contain Terpenes, together with over 100 other different cannabinoids.


What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are the natural form of the compound when they are in a live plant. Cannabis plants contain terpenes, which are among the most abundant compounds in the natural world. Cannabis plants contain a high concentration of terpenes and provide the characteristic scent or smell of cannabis.


They may play a role in the health and survival of the plants in which they exist. Similar to that of lavender and pine, the terpenes protect the plants from infectious germs and animals grazing.  They can, in some plants, repel insects or attract pollinators. Some terpenes provide a protective role in the plant, to help it recover from damage, other terpenes act as part of the plants immune system.


Isolated terpenes can be manufactured to create the scents and flavours of everyday products such as perfumes, foods and scented body creams and lotions.


Some terpenes have a positive effect on cannabinoid receptors (e.g., beta-Caryophyllene, which seems to have an excellent effect upon CB2 receptors).  


Some have a stimulating effect, while others have a relaxing and sedating effect. Some will target the brain, others target the body, and yet others can induce sleep and relaxation.


Because terpenes produce vibrant smells, they form the basis of many essential oils and are an integral part of many alternative therapies, such as aromatherapy.


How do Terpenes relate to CBD?

"Cannabinoids" is the name of the compounds found in the cannabis plant. Over 100 compounds have been identified by scientists so far.  These cannabinoids include compounds such as cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabigeriol (CBG), flavonoids, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals and terpenes.


Both a broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD oil contains certain Terpenes.



Useful Definitions: 


Terpenes: Natural compounds in the flower or bud of the cannabis plant that provide its smell and taste.


Flavonoids: Natural phytonutrients produced by plants to provide the green colour of the cannabis plant and protect them from bacteria, parasites, and outside threats.


Cannabinoids: Naturally occurring compound found in the Cannabis sativa plant.


Full Spectrum: Contains all the natural compounds found in the whole Cannabis sativa plant, which include various other cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes. 


Broad Spectrum: Contains all the compounds naturally found in the Cannabis sativa plant, but do not contain any THC. 


Isolates: The cannabinoid (e.g., CBG, CBD, CBN, etc.) is extracted from all other compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant to create its purest form. 


Compounds: Natural chemicals. 


THC: Psychoactive compound found in the Cannabis sativa plant that produces the “high” sensation. 


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